Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy fox in advance, as well as a sample of fur

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a fox.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out. Foxes are small-to-medium-sized mammals of the dog family. Foxes are slightly smaller than a medium-size domestic dog, with a flattened skull, upright triangular ears, a pointed, slightly upturned snout, and a long bushy tail (or brush). The fox's thick tail aids its balance, but it has other uses as well. A fox uses its tail (or "brush") as a warm cover in cold weather and as a signal flag to communicate with other foxes. Did you know that foxes have whiskers on their legs as well as around their faces, which they use to help them find their way? Foxes have also been known to climb trees and settle on low branches. Foxes are great night-time predators because their eyes are specially adapted to night vision. The fox does not chew its food. Instead it uses its carnassials or shearing teeth to cut the meat into manageable chunks. Go back to the picture of the fox. Say: let’s find fox’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose, mouth, body, legs: 1,2,3,4; these are its whiskers. They are longer than a dog´s whiskers.(put your pointer fingers above your mouth and pretend that you have whiskers, say: let´s pretend that we have long whiskers like fox, sweetie !) Foxes use 28 different types of calls to communicate with each other. Foxes usually live in forested areas, though they are also found in mountains, grasslands and deserts. . A female fox is called a vixen. A male fox is called a dog. Fox babies are called pups. The pregnant female only carries her pups for a gestation period of 53 days. There are usually two to seven pups in a litter. Pup care is a family affair. Both the mother and father share the care of pups. Even older siblings will help take care of their younger brother and sisters by bringing them food.

Foxes are living things and need energy to survive. Foxes are omnivores. This means that they eat meat and vegetation.  A fox's diet can consist of small animals, such as lizards, voles, rats, mice, rabbits and hares. They also eat birds, fruits and bugs. Foxes that live near the ocean eat fish and crabs, as well. If they have trouble finding food, a fox will have no problem raiding trash cans to find scraps.

We need to take care of Foxes and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.


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