Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy puppy in advance, as well as a sample of fur.

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a puppy.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

( Point to the puppy´s face) Say: puppy has a very childlike face. He has beautiful round eyes. His fur is silky and smooth. (Touch its soft fur, feel it with your hands baby) He has tiny, hedgehog paws. His teeth are as sharp as needles. Go back to the picture of the puppy. Say: let’s find puppy’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose, mouth, body, legs: 1,2,3,4;This is its beautiful fluffy tail. Kids love him because he is so cuddly. Sometimes the puppy can be very wobbly on his feet, but wagging his tail is his favourite activity! Puppies are very playful and a joy to be around. Puppies are born with a fully functional sense of smell but can't open their eyes. They open their eyes about nine to eleven days following birth. His ears remain sealed until about thirteen to seventeen days after birth. Puppies are not able to see as well as adult dogs. In addition, they respond more actively to sounds. Between two to four weeks old, puppies usually begin to growl, bite, wag their tails, and yelp (Would you like to imitate the puppy? Let´s yelp). Puppies are living things and need energy to survive. They like to eat meat and bones. Since puppies depend only on flesh or meat of other animals for their nutrition, they are called carnivorous. Puppies are highly social animals and spend most of their waking hours interacting with either their mother or littermates. Puppies spend a great deal of time playing, chewing and investigating objects. All of these normal activities involve puppies using their mouths and their needle-sharp teeth. When puppies play with people, they often bite, chew and mouth on people’s hands, limbs and clothing.(Pull your tongue out and let´s lick our hands,baby).

Puppies usually learn bite inhibition during play with other puppies. If you watch a group of puppies playing, you’ll see plenty of chasing, pouncing and wrestling. Puppies also bite each other all over. When a pup bites his playmate too hard. The victim of the painful bite yelps and usually stops playing. The offender is often taken aback by the yelp and also stops playing for a moment. However, pretty soon, both playmates are back in the game. Through this kind of interaction, puppies learn to control the intensity of their bites. If puppies can learn how to be gentle from each other, they can also learn the same lesson from people. Puppies can be great pets for kids. The key is to train both the puppy and the child. Kids must learn how to treat a dog so the dog will not retaliate children how to behave. We need to take care of Puppies and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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