Zoology & Botany

Rabbit

Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy rabbit in advance, as well as a sample of fur

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a rabbit) This is a mammal. Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out. A female rabbit is called a doe. The male is called a buck and the young rabbit is called a kit (or kitten).The body of a rabbit is covered with fur. It is so soft and fluffy. Touch it baby! Feel its softness in your hands and have a look at its color! The rabbit´s fur is usually white. Its coloring helps blend in (camouflage). Rabbits have long ears, either pointing up or "lopping" downwards. 4 legs with 5 claws on each front foot and 4 longer claws on their large flat back feet. Sloping backs down to small "bun" style tails. (Hence the name bunnies). Rabbits have large eyes on the side of their heads, either brown or less frequently blue or grey. They have prominent front teeth with a "twitching nose" above. Rabbits are active, mostly at night (nocturnal). They have good sight and hearing and will freeze in place when sensing danger! If rabbits are flushed out of hiding they can run up to 18 mph for a short distance. If caught by a predator they can make a loud, shrill scream. Let´s spring and scream like rabbits! Go back to the picture of the rabbit. Say: let’s find rabbit’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose, mouth, body, legs: (point to the legs and count 1,2,3,4;) this is its tail. It is short and fluffy. This rabbit is (white). In colder places this animal may have white fur, and in the desert the fur may be tan to gray, with a yellowish tinge. The underside of the body is whitish. It often has an orange-brown throat patch; this camouflages the rabbit and hides from the eyes of predators. Rabbits are living things and need energy to survive. They have a plant-based diet and do not eat meat. During warm months, rabbits will nibble on herbs, peas, grasses, clover, lettuce and greens. In the winter months they eat twigs, bark and buds. Because they eat only grass-like food, they are called herbivorous.

Rabbits can be found in woods, forests, meadows, grasslands, deserts, tundra and wetlands. They create their own homes by tunneling into the ground. These tunnel systems are called warrens and include rooms for nesting and sleeping. They also have multiple entrances for quick escape. These animals are extremely alert, they can even sleep with their eyes open, and they can see almost all the way around themselves without turning their heads. 

We need to take care of Rabbits and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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