Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy turkey in advance, , as well as a sample of feathers

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of turkey.) This is a bird. Remember, to be classified as a bird an animal should have a beak or bill, should have 4 toes on each foot, meaning to be zygodactyl. The bodies of birds are covered with feathers. All birds have two wings and a tail. Remember, all animals move! Wings help birds fly and soar! Look (point to the turkey) This bird is called turkey. Turkeys make a gobbling sound when startled or attracting a mate. Let’s gobble like a turkey”gobble, gobble!” Turkeys are intelligent and sensitive animals that are highly social. They create lasting social ties with each other and are very affectionate; They also have excellent geography skills. They have the ability to learn the exact details of an area over 1,000 acres in size. Wild turkeys are large, round looking birds that have long, thin legs (point to the bird’s leg, foot and toes), with three toes on each foot to help with balance and for scratching around in the dirt. . Let’s find the turkey’s beak, wings, neck and feathers.

Wild turkeys are covered with dark feathers that help them blend in with their woodland home except on their fleshy head and neck. The loose, bumpy skin on the head and neck can be bright red and even blue around the face. .The bare skin on the throat and head of a turkey can change color from flat gray to striking shades of red, white, and blue when the bird becomes distressed or excited.

A flap of this skin hangs down over the beak and is called the snood. Remember that birds are living things. They need energy to live. The turkey is an omnivorous animal meaning that it eats both plants and other animals. The turkey primarily eats nuts, seeds, fruits, berries and insects which is often finds whilst scratching around on the forest floor. The turkey also eats small reptiles, amphibians and even rodents. A female turkey is called a hen. A male turkey is called a tom. A baby turkey is called a poult. When a hen is ready to make little turkeys, she lays about 10 to 12 eggs. The eggs incubate for about 28 days before hatching. Wild turkey babies are precocial, which means that they hatch out of the egg already covered in fluffy down and fully able to walk, run and feed themselves. They stick close to mom for protection from predators, but unlike many other bird species, she doesn't have to feed them. Males take no role in the care of young turkeys. Wild turkeys are brown in color and able to fly at up to 55 mph, only for short distances compared to domestic turkeys that are white and bigger than their wild relatives and cannot fly. These birds are raised for their meat and feathers. We need to take care of Turkeys and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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