Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy goose in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of goose.) This is a bird.

Remember, to be classified as a bird an animal should have a beak or bill, should have 4 toes on each foot, meaning to be zygodactyl.

The bodies of birds are covered with feathers.

All birds have two wings and a tail.

Remember, all animals move! Wings help birds fly and soar! Look (point to the goose) This bird is called goose. Geese usually flap their wings and make a loud hissing sound when they feel threatened. Let’s flap our hands and hiss like a goose!

Geese are superb swimming birds like ducks, swans, and pelicans. They are all considered part of the waterfowl family. Geese are often more agile in the water than on land or in the air (point to the bird’s strange feet), and they have webbed feet and well-insulated plumage to help them move in the water.

Geese are medium- to large-sized birds. Let’s find the goose’s beak, wings, neck, feather and feet. They have long necks and short legs in the center of their bodies. The curved shape beak enables geese to snip grasses, grains, or other foods. Geese are known to have extremely strong wings as they migrate long distances every year to reach regions with warmer climates. Look at the bird’s color. Most geese are black in color, even though many species have white markings in their plumage. Remember that birds are living things. They need energy to live. Geese feed on both plants and animals, so they are omnivorous birds! They mainly eat insects, grubs and small fish from the water. They also feed on grass, berries and grains on land.

Geese live in both domesticated and wild forms. These birds are raised for their meat, eggs, fat and feathers. They nest on the ground near water. They make a large, open cup nest of grass and moss and lined with their own soft goose down. The female lays 2-8 white eggs and sits on her nest to incubate them, for about 28-30 days. Whenever she leaves the nest, she covers the eggs with sticks to keep them warm and to camouflage the nest. At the same time, the male goose will stand nearby to protect the nest from predators. 24 hours after hatching, goslings follow their parents to the water and they are ready to swim and dive underwater. (Move your hands as you are swimming and say: Let´s swim like them, baby!) Goslings are able to fly in 3 months after they are born. Geese have a very strong instinct to return to their area of birth to mate and nest. They will even return to the exact space or to the same pond or other water body. Migratory geese may fly 2,000-3,000 miles to return to their habitats. We need to take care of Geese and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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