Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy Cat in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of Cat.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

The bodies of cats are covered with fur.

All cats have four paws and one tail. Remember, all animals move! Paws help cats move and run. Let’s crawl like a cat!

This mammal is called cat. Let’s find its mouth, fur, paws, tail and whiskers. It’s fur play an important role. It keeps them warm, acts as insulation in the winter, and as a filter in ears to help keep dirt out. It also helps protect their skin from the wind, and the sun in hot summers. Cats are able to tolerate quite high temperatures. Cats show no discomfort at temperatures at which we become uncomfortable.

The length and color of fur varies for different breeds of cats.

Look at the body of cat. It has tabby or tiger colors, solid colors like black, a color mixed with white, generally blue, black or orange. The face has whiskers. The whiskers are actually touch receptors. They are connected to the sensitive muscular and nervous systems, sending information about the surroundings directly to the cat, helping the cat to detect and respond to changes in its surroundings - sort of like kitty radar.

The mouth is small. It is a part of the body the cat eats and drinks water with.

Look at those claws! They are very sharp. Cats keep them pulled in unless they need to use them. Cats communicate by marking trees, fence posts, or furniture with their claws or their waste. These scent posts are meant to inform others of a cat's home range. Cats do sweat but only through their paws.

Cats keep vermin, mice and rats out of barns and homes. Cats are small creatures.

Remember that cats are living things. They need energy to live. Domestic cats were evolved as carnivorous. It means they eat animal-based foods. Mama-cat also known as queen or dam lays kittens. Usually they have 4-6 kittens. After being born, kittens are totally dependent on their mother for survival and do not normally open their eyes until after seven to ten days. After about two weeks, kittens quickly develop and begin to explore the world outside. After a further three to four weeks, they begin to eat solid food and grow adult teeth.

Mamas and papas take a very good care of the little ones. They provide food and make sure their environment is safe.

It is interesting that domestic cats have a vocal ability that extends from a purr to mewing and growling. In fact, cats have the ability to make over 100 different sounds. They have very good hearing. Cats have 32 muscles that control the outer ear while humans have only 6. It helps cats to hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals.

Cats prefer to live in a warm area, in rainforests, deserts and in temperate climate zones. Where cats live depends primarily on the species. Domestic cats live in virtually every part of the world and primarily live indoors, which means that they can survive wherever humans live.

Cats are popular pets, too. It means many people have them live in their houses.

All living things are important and should be treated with care and respect. Cats are very important and we should treat them with care and respect.

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