Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy duck in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of Duck.) This is a bird.

Remember, to be classified as a bird an animal should have a beak or bill, should have 4 toes on each foot, meaning to be zygodactyl.

The bodies of birds are covered with feathers.

All birds have two wings and a tail.

Remember, all animals move! Wings help birds fly and soar. Ducks usually quack to communicate. Let’s quack like a duck!

This bird is called duck. Let’s find its short-neck, large-bill, feathers and feet. A duck has waterproof feathers. Beneath the waterproof coat are fluffy and soft feathers that keep the duck warm.

Mama-duck has very-dull, brown feathers so that they can hide from enemies and predators. They can also camouflage themselves in their nests and also protect their young. Papa-duck has brightly colored feathers to attract the mama-duck.

Look at the body of duck. Colors vary from brown to yellow.

The beak is usually broad and flat and has rows of fine notches along the edge that helps the duck to grip its food so that it will not slip off.

Look at those feet! Ducks have webbed feet, which are designed for swimming. Their webbed feet act like paddles for the ducks. Ducks cannot feel the cold in their feet even when swimming in icy cold water.

Remember that ducks are living things. They need energy to live. They eat grasses, aquatic plants, fish, insects, small amphibians and worms. They are omnivorous. It means they eat both plant and animal-based food.

Mama-duck lays eggs. Usually they have 6-15 cream colored eggs. The production of eggs is affected by daylight. When there is more daylight, the mama-duck will lay more eggs. Baby-ducks known as ducklings are able to fly within 5-8 weeks.

That’s why mamas and papas take a very good care of the little ones. They provide food and make sure their environment is safe.

It is interesting that ducks make a wide range of calls, ranging from whistles, cooing, yodels and grunts to communicate a range of signals with mates, competitors, offspring and predators. Ducks have small eyes and their ears are hidden beneath the feathers as small openings.

They live along wetlands, such as ponds, streams, lakes and lagoons, and woodland areas, such as swamp forests and stands of mangrove trees. Ducks usually travel to warmer areas so that they can rest and raise their young. The distance may be thousands of miles away. Ducks are found everywhere in the world except the Antarctica which is too cold for them.

We need to take care of Ducks and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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