# Physical science

## soft wooden brush

Take 1 soft wooden brush in your right hand and show it to the baby. Say: look, this is a brush. Brush! Touch it. Take another brush and place it into the baby's hands. Describe the feeling of touch. Say: the brushe feels so soft, pliable and elastic. it also feels hairy, wooden, textured, and resilient. It is also a bit bristly, setouse, spiky and prikly. It is heavy. It massages our hands and body. Take the brush and massage the body of the baby from top to bottom naming the parts of the body: this is your head, shoulders,arms, hands, back, legs, feet.

sound: Prepare in advance a cutting board and a soft wooden brush. Say: let's listen to what sound the brush will make. Remember that soundwaves are created when some energy is applied to the object. Then molecules of the medium start moving pushing other molecules, making them vibrate. That’s how the sound is created. Let's listen to the sound that the brush will create. Take the brush in your right hand and let it drop on the cutting board. Say: can you hear the sound? It is loud and bangy! Let's do it again! Put the brush in the baby's right hand and help the baby strike the brush against the surface of the cutting board. Say: bang, bang, bang!

elastisity and plasticity: we know that elasticity is ability of the object to retain its size and shape after removing the force that is applied. If the object does not deform, it is considered very elastic. Let us see this brush is elastic. We will make an experiment. We will try to bend it and see if it will deform. What do you think will happen to the brush? I think it will not bend at all. Now let's conduct an experiment. Take the brush and try to bend it in your right hand. Say: it is very hard to bend it. It is impossible, I am not strong enough! Place the brush in the baby's right hand and let the baby try to bend it. Help if needed. Say: can you see? We can't bend it. We can conclude that this material - wood - is not elastic at all. Remember, that plasticity can be tested in the same way. If after bending the object retains the new form without rupturing or breaking, it means it is very plastic. Our brush is not plastic, because it does not bent.

Hardness. Say: I wonder if the material the brush is made of is hard. When we say the object is hard, we mean that when I scratch it with another sharp object there is no sign left on it. It is very difficult to leave traces on it. If the object is hard it means it is resistant to permanent shape changes. Do you think the brush is hard? Let's make a hypothesis. I think it is hard. Let us conduct an experiment in order to prove or disprove out hypothesis. We will need a coin for that. Take the brush in the left hand and the coin in the right. Make sure your hands are in front of the baby's face so he can see well what is happening. Say: let's scratch the wooden part of the brush with the coin. Do that. Say: let's observe now. What do you see? Do you see any lines left on the surface of the brush? I see no lines. It means the brush has a hard surface.

Let’s explore if the brush is waterproof and absorbent. A material is waterproof when it repels liquids. What do you think about the brush? Is it waterproof? I think it is. Now let's make an experiment to prove our hypothesis. Take a large pot. Put a jar/cup into it. Put the brush on top of the jar/cup wodden part up so it will cover the opening like a lead. Say: let’s observe. Poor water on the brush. Say: the brush is waterproof; water can't go through the brush into the jar/cup. What is absorbancy then? It is ability of any material to soak up the water, right? What do you see happened to the brush? See it soaked up some water. Let’s try to squeeze the brush now to see how much water got into it. Squeeze it. Say: see, there is no water coming out of it. The brush is not absorbent.

Since the water is here, we will add some more of it and check out if dry cotton floats or sinks. What do you think will happen to the cotton when I put it in the water? Let's make a hypothesis. I guess the cotton will float. Say: Let’s test it now. Put a piece of dry cotton in the water. Describe what you see: I see that the cotton floats. It means that density of the cotton is lower than density of water.

Glossy/mat: Say: The (object) is shiny/glossy/mat. (glossy - reflects the light, mat - absorbs the light)

Brittleness: DO you think the (object) is fragile? Make an assumption. The characteristic for fragility is brittleness. We will drop the(object) from up to the ground and observe if it breaks. Let’s do an experiment. (Take an (object) and drop it from stretched high hand). Say: look at the (object), it did not break at all! It is not brittle. Or it broke and it is brittle.

Magnetic: Let’s see if it is magnetic. We will get a magnet and put it close to the (object). See: the (object) is on the same place. It does not move so it is not magnetic.

Transparent, translucent, opaque: Hold the (object) in your left hand in front of the baby and say: (baby's name),do you think (object) is see-through? Le's make a hypothesis. I thinks it is. Now we have to make an experiment to prove or disprove it. We will need a dark room and a flashlight. Make the room darker or go to the dark room. Place the object in the left hand and the flashlight in the right hand. Switch the flashlight on and say: let's observe if the light goes through the (object). Say: I can see some light passing through the leaf. It is translucent. (If your leaf is thick – you cant and then the leaf is opaque).

Fluid.Now we will see if the (object) is fluid. My hypothesis is that it is not. We will conduct an experiment in order to check it out. Hold the (object) in your right hand with two fingers if possible. Say: Look! I am holding it and it does not change its shape and does not move at all. It does not flow.

Soluble: Let’s see if it is soluble. What do you think, is it soluble? I guess it is not. Let's again make an experiment and check it out. We will need some water. Take an empty bowl, pour some water into it. Put the leaf into water again. Say: look the leaf does not dissolve in the water. It remains as it is. It means it is not soluble.

Insulator: If we put a lot of leaves together in a pile, they will be a good insulator. They will keep warmth inside.

Burn: (object) contains oxygen molecules and can burn with high temperatures. (explain about your object)

Let’s check if the wooden brush is made of a ductile material. Let us try to stretch it and observe if it becomes a wire.If it does, then it is ductile. Start stretching. Say: see, the brush is very hard to stretch! It is not stretchable at all. Hence It is not ductile.

Our (object) smells so fresh and nice! Or describe how it smells

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