Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy donkey in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of Donkey.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

The bodies of donkeys are covered with short hair.

All donkeys have a short mane, long ears, a shaggy coat, and a tufted tail.

Remember, all animals move! Legs help donkeys move and run. Donkeys have a loud, distinctive braying voice that sounds like "hee-haw." Let’s bray like a donkey!

This mammal is called donkey. Let’s find its mouth, hair, legs, tail and head. Donkey does not have natural ‘waterproof’ coats and so they need access to shelter. The coat of donkeys allows them to reflect heat.

Look at the body of donkey. In color the donkey ranges from white to gray or black and usually has a dark stripe from mane to tail and a crosswise stripe on the shoulders.

The jaw is big and strong. It is a part of the body the donkey eats and drinks water with. Jaws are also used for nipping: this can be a cautionary signal. Basically, the donkey does not want you or another animal too close.

Look at those legs! Donkeys have long thin legs with tiny feet. The adaptation of long limbs and narrow hooves allow these animals to move through rocky hills.

Remember that donkeys are living things. They need energy to live. Through evolution, donkeys have also developed specialized teeth for grinding. The grasses that donkeys eat are rough and difficult to digest. Donkeys eat a lot of highly fibrous plant material, straw and hay. They are herbivorous. It means they eat both plant-based food.

Mama-donkey also known as jennet lays foal. Usually they have 2 foals. Foals can walk, and run on its first day. The foal may show signs of diarrhea caused by the hormones it takes in with the milk, and also perhaps from sheer nervousness. That’s why mamas and papas take a very good care of the little ones. They provide food and make sure their environment is safe.

It is interesting that donkeys developed amazing voices that can carry up to three kilometers. And their big ears would help with hearing long distance too.

The placement of a donkey's eyes in its' heads enables it to see all four feet at all times!

Donkeys are found in almost every country in the world and every continent except Antarctica. Donkeys are used principally as draught or pack animals.

We need to take care of Donkeys and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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