Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy goat in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of Goat.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

The bodies of goats are covered with short hair.

All goats have short tails, two horns, four legs and beard!

Remember, all animals move! Legs help goats move and run. Goats communicate with each other by bleating, what many people call the baaah sound. Let’s bleat like a goat!

This mammal is called goat. Let’s find its mouth, hair, legs, tail and head. Goats can have short or long hair and curled, silky, or coarse hair. Dairy goats can handle the cold temperatures if they have a shelter to protect from wind and have a good undercoat of hair to protect them from frigid temperatures.

Look at the body of goat. Goats come in almost any color, solid black, white, red, brown, spotted, two and three colored, or blended shades. The face has stripes.

The jaw is big and strong. It is a part of the body the goat eats and drinks water with. Jaws help to grab feed and bring it into the mouth. Because the upper jaw is wider than the lower jaw in goats, only one side of the mouth can be used at a time to grind the feed.

Look at those legs! Legs help goat climb and can run on or crawl under fences. Some breeds are able to jump more than five feet high. Most goats will also stand on their back legs to reach tree branches and shrubs.

Remember that goats are living things. They need energy to live. Goats eat wide variety of shrubs, woody plants, weeds, and briars. They are herbivorous. It means they eat both plant-based food.

Mama-goat also known as doe or a nanny lays kid. Usually they have 1-3 kids. Kids are able to stand and take their first steps within minutes of being born. Mother and kid goats recognize each other's calls soon after the mothers give birth. Mothers will often call to their kids to ensure they stay close-by to prevent them from any harm.

That’s why mamas and papas take a very good care of the little ones. They provide food and make sure their environment is safe.

It is interesting that a goat’s eye has rectangular pupil rather than round. They have excellent night vision and will often browse during the night. Goats have long, pointed ears that hang down.

Goats are found in almost every country in the world and every continent except Antarctica. Goats have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins over much of the world.

We need to take care of Goats and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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