Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy ocean, dolphin, orca, whale, turtle, shark, jellyfish, starfish, monk seal, clownfish, sting ray in advance
(Show the picture of ocean) Say: An ocean is a body of saline water that composes a large part of a planet's hydrosphere. Oceans cover more than two thirds of the earth's surface, and they are very deep! Fish and other animals make their homes in all different parts of the ocean, even on the bottom, or sea floor.
(Show the picture of clownfish) Say: Bright orange with three distinctive white bars, clownfish are among the most recognizable of all reef-dwellers. They are named for the multicolored sea anemone in which they make their homes.
(Show the picture of jellyfish) Say: Jellyfish are boneless animals that float freely through the world's oceans. Their body is mainly made up of water, around 90% in fact. Although the word is mentioned in their name, jellyfish are not fish. Jellyfish stings can be painful to humans and sometimes very dangerous. (Show the picture of starfish) Say: Starfish are echinoderms (spiny skinned sea urchins). They are not really fish despite the name been given to them. Starfish cannot swim, and they do not use gills to breathe. Amazingly, they can regenerate lost arms. The starfish can drop an arm to get away when it is threatened by a predator. (Show the picture of turtle) Say: Turtles are characterized by a special bony or cartilaginous shell. Aquatic turtles absorb oxygen through the skin on their neck allowing them to remain submerged underwater for extended periods of time and enabling them to hibernate underwater.
(Show the picture of sting ray ) Say: Stingrays, with their wide, flat bodies are related to sharks; they do not have bones but their skeleton is made of cartilage. Their flattened body ends with long tail that usually contains spine and venom. Stingrays are very aggressive and dangerous. They have a natural instinct to sting what they come into contact with.
(Show the picture of monk seal ) Say: Monk seal is one of the rarest marine mammals in the world. The monk seal is named for its folds of skin that somewhat resemble a monk's cowl, and because it is usually seen alone or in small groups. Monk seals are amazing swimmers and have great vision so they have no trouble at all finding the food they are interested in.
(Show the picture of shark ) Say: Most sharks are cold-blooded. Unlike most other fish, sharks have five to seven pairs of gills, with a corresponding number of gill slits opening at the sides of the head. Shark ‘skin’ is made up of a series of scales that act as an outer skeleton for easy movement and for saving energy in the water.
(Show the picture of whale ) Say: Whales are large, intelligent, aquatic mammals. They breathe air through blowhole(s) into lungs. Whales have sleek, streamlined bodies that move easily through the water. They are the only mammals, that live their entire lives in the water, and the only mammals that have adapted to life in the open oceans.
(Show the picture of orca ) Say: The orca belongs to the family of dolphins and is the biggest dolphin. The orca's large size and strength make it among the fastest marine mammals. Orcas are known for their long dorsal fin (the fin on the animal's back) and black-and-white coloring. (Show the picture of dolphin ) Say: Dolphins are highly intelligent marine mammals and are part of the family of toothed whales that includes orcas. Dolphins use a blowhole on top of their heads to breathe. They have excellent eyesight and hearing as well as the ability to use echolocation for finding the exact location of objects. While the upper regions of the ocean are bursting with life, it is known that unique organisms can also be found at the bottom of the open ocean. Since light does not reach these depths, many of these creatures who live there are scavengers that feed off of dead organisms that have sunk to the bottom.
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