Zoology & Botany

frog, duck, catfish, dragonfly, heron-pond

Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy pond, frog, duck, catfish, dragonfly, heron-pond in advance

Say: look at this body of water (Show a picture of a pond.)This is a pond.

Remember, A pond is a shallow body of still water. This means that the water does not move as it does in a stream or a river. Ponds are smaller than lakes, but are still capable of nurturing plenty of life forms. Apart from pond plants, you can also find various types of creatures like: fish (such as catfish), insects (such as dragonflies), amphibians (such as frogs), birds (such as ducks and heron pond).

(Point to the catfish) Say: This whiskered fish is bottom-feeder. It roams along the bottom of the pond, eating small fish, dead or rotting plants, fish eggs, worms and water bugs. Catfish help keeping the pond clean.

(Point to the frog) Say: The frog is an amphibian that lives on land and in water. It is a small, green, cold-blooded creature. It has long tongue coated with a sticky substance that makes it easy to catch flying insects. Larger frogs eat worms and tiny fish.

(Show the picture of a dragonfly) Say: Look at this insect! It´s a dragonfly. Dragonflies are among the most eye-catching insects that are found near a pond. They have long bodies and large, colorful wings which are usually translucent. They help to control the insect population of the pond by eating them.

(Show the picture of a pond-heron) Say: Look, baby, it´s a bird! Pond-heron is an elegant bird with white-grey plumage; it can easily wade around in a pond. This bird loves eating fish and even frogs and other small animals that live near the pond. Go back to the picture of a pond, (point to the surface) Say: The surface of the pond is a habitat for air-breathing, floating animals; the open water contains large, free-swimming animals, such as ducks

(Show the picture of a duck) Say: Do you remember this bird, baby? Yes, it´s the duck!! Ducks are also called "waterfowls" because they are normally found in places with water. Ducks have webbed feet, designed for swimming and beneath their water-proof coat are fluffy and soft feathers to keep them warm. Ducks are attracted to ponds as it provides a safe place for them to find food (small fish), bathe, and nest and raise baby ducklings.

The important thing to remember is that the pond acts as an ecosystem: through the pond, each of these animals helps the other creatures to survive in some way.

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