Zoology & Botany

wild dog

Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy wild dog in advance, as well as a sample of fur

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a wild dog.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

(Point to the wild dog) Say: ¨ It´s a wild dog¨….This long-legged canine has only four toes per foot, unlike wolves and other dogs, which have five toes on their forefeet. Its coat is mottled in shades of brown, black and beige. The wild dog has large, rounded ears, long muzzle, and dark brown circles around its eyes. The body is thin and muscular. This animal has a large stomach and a long, large intestine which aids it in more effectively absorbing moisture from its food. No two wild dogs are marked exactly the same, making it easy to identify individual.

Go back to the picture of the sheep. Say: let’s find sheep’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose, mouth, body, legs: 1,2,3,4; this is its tail. Wild dogs have bushy tails with white tips that may serve as a flag to keep the pack in contact while hunting. Wild dogs live and hunt in groups called packs. Wild Dogs are highly sociable animals that gather in packs between 10 and 30 individuals. There is a strict ranking system within the pack, led by the dominant breeding pair. They are the world's most sociable Dogs and do everything as a group, from hunting for and sharing food, to helping sick members and assisting in raising young.

Wild dogs are living things and need energy to survive. Wild Dogs are carnivorous and opportunistic predators, hunting larger animals on the African plains in their big groups. Wild Dogs primarily prey on large mammals such as Warthogs and numerous species of Antelope, supplementing their diet with rodents, lizards, birds and insects. On average, the female wild dog gives birth to 10 pups, which is the largest average litter size of any dog. The breeding female selects a den, usually below ground. Once the pups are born, the mother will be confined to the den for lactation while the other members of the pack will take on different roles to ensure highest level of survival for the pups. Some are responsible for looking after the pups and keeping them safe from predators while others are responsible for hunting. While the mother is confined to the den during early lactation, food is presented to her, and later pups, by regurgitation. After 3 months, when the pups are ready to leave the den, the pack will resume their nomadic way and begin to teach the pups to hunt.

Habitat African wild dogs are found mostly in arid zones and in the savannas. They can also be found in woodland and mountainous habitats where their prey lives. Sadly however, this highly intelligent and sociable animal is severely under threat in much of its natural habitat, primarily due to habitat loss and having been hunted by Humans. We need to take care of Macaws and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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