Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy warthog in advance, as well as a sample of wool

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a warthog.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

(Point to the warthog) Say: Warthogs are named for their characteristic facial "warts". The most prominent of these fibrous growths are located on the cheeks, below the eyes. They possess medium-sized, barrel-shaped bodies and short legs. They have short necks, longish heads, small eyes, prominent snouts ending in a disk-like nose.(Point to the warthog´s tusks) Say: The warthog's large tusks are unusual: The two upper ones emerge from the sides of the snout to form a semicircle; the lower tusks at the base of the uppers are worn to a sharp cutting edge. They are mostly bald, but they do have some sparse hair and a thicker mane on their backs. Its color is usually black or brown. The warthog has poor vision, but its senses of smell and hearing are good.

Go back to the picture of the warthog. Say: let’s find warthog’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose, mouth, tusks, body, legs: 1,2,3,4; this is its tail. The long tail ends with a tuft of bristles. The warthog characteristically carries its tail upright when it runs, the tuft waving like a tiny flag. By the way, sweetie; When startled or threatened, warthogs can be surprisingly fast, running at speeds of up to (48 kilometers) an hour.

Warthogs are living things and need energy to survive. Though warthogs appear ferocious, they are mainly grazers and have adapted an interesting practice of kneeling on their calloused, hairy, padded knees to eat short grass. Using their snouts and tusks, they also dig for bulbs, tubers and roots during the dry season. Since warthogs feed on plants only; they are called herbivorous. Female warthogs only have four teats, so litter sizes usually are confined to four young. Each piglet has its "own" teat and suckles exclusively from it. Although the young are suckled for about 4 months, after 2 months they get most of their nourishment from grazing.

Warthogs inhabit moist and arid savannas .They are found in most of Africa south of the Sahara and are widely distributed in East Africa. They avoid rainforest, deserts and high mountains. They are the only pigs able to live in areas without water for several months of the year. By tolerating a higher-than-normal body temperature, the warthog is perhaps able to conserve moisture inside its body that might otherwise be used for cooling. (Camels and desert gazelles have developed a similar mechanism for survival in hot, arid environments).

We need to take care of warthogs and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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