Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy Horse in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of Horse.) It is called horse. This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

The bodies of horses are covered with short hair.

All horses have long tails, muscular torsos, long thick necks and elongated heads.

Remember, all animals move! Legs trot like a horse! Horses have four speeds called gaits. They walk (slow speed), trot (a little faster than walking), canter (faster than a trot) and gallop (a horse's fastest gait). It is interesting that Horses communicate with eyes, ears, tails and sound. They produce variety of sounds like neigh, whinny, nicker, snort and blow. Let’s neigh like a horse!

Let’s find its mouth, hair, legs, tail and head. Its hair grows from the top of the neck and is known as mane. The mane is thought to keep the neck warm, and possibly to help water run off the neck if the animal cannot obtain shelter from the rain.

Look at the body of horse. It may have brown, black, chestnut, brown and cream colors. The face has stripes at different locations.

The jaw is big and strong. It is a part of the body the horse eats and drinks water with. Jaws have a set of strong, high-crowned teeth, suited to grinding grasses and other harsh vegetation.

Look at those legs! Legs for running and eyes for warning have enabled horses to survive attack by flesh eaters.

Remember that horses are living things. They need energy to live. Typically, horses eat grass, but domesticated horses are often fed bran, rolled oats, barley and hay, as well. They are herbivorous. It means they eat plant-based food.

Mama-horse also known as mare lays foal. Usually they have 1 foal. The foal is able to stand soon after birth and becomes mature at 3 to 5 years of age.

That’s why mamas take a very good care of the little ones. They provide food and make sure their environment is safe.

Horses have the biggest eyes of all land mammals

Horses are found in almost every country in the world and every continent except Antarctica. Historically, horses were used for pulling carts, sleds and plows, carrying soldiers into battle. Mostly now they are used for sporting events, like horse racing and riding, and as pets.

We need to take care of Horses and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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