Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy rhino in advance, as well as a sample of skin

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a rhino.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

(Point to the rhino) Say: The rhino is the second largest land mammal next to the elephant. Its name rhinoceros means ‘nose horn’ and is often shortened to rhino. It comes from the Greek words rhino (nose) and ceros (horn). Rhino's body is wide with a square muzzle adapted for grazing. It has a thick, hairless, protective skin. This animal has a pronounced hump on the neck and two horns, the longer of which sits at the front of the nose. Rhino has a poor eyesight, but very well-developed senses of olfaction (smell) and hearing. Its sharp incisors and canine teeth are found in its lower jaw.This rhino has a hooked lip which allows it to feed on trees and shrubs.

Go back to the picture of the rhino. Say: let’s find rhino’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose, mouth, body, legs: 1,2,3,4; this is its tail. By the way,(Point to the Rhino´s coat) Say: Rhino skin maybe thick but it is quite sensitive to sunburns and insect bites which is why they like wallow so much – when the mud dries it acts as protection from the sunburns and insects. Do you know, baby? Relative to their large body size, rhinoceros have small brains. But this doesn’t mean they are stupid. Rhinos are living things and need energy to survive.

Rhinoceros are herbivores (plant eaters). They have to eat a lot to fill their large bodies. White rhinos, with their square-shaped lips, are ideally suited to graze on grass. Other rhinos prefer to eat the foliage of trees or bushes. In spite of being extremely aggressive animals, the female Rhinoceros is very caring and attentive of her young. The female carries the young calf in her body for a period of time that is from 15 months to 16 months. She nurses the young with milk from her body for about the first year of life. However, these young offspring are also introduced to plants and grass when they are about a week old. They feed on it in addition to the rich milk. The young stays with his mother for a period of time that can last from 2 years to 4 years. Generally the females are able to stay with their mothers for the longest periods of time. The young males are often run off when they are about 2 years of age.

Rhinos are found in parts of Africa and Asia. Rhino habitat ranges from savannas to dense forests in tropical and subtropical regions. Rhinoceros are listed as being critically endangered. They are often hunted by humans for their horns. That´s why We need to take care of Rhinoceros and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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