Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy Hen in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of Hen.) This is a bird.

Remember, to be classified as a bird an animal should have a beak or bill, should have 4 toes on each foot, meaning to be zygodactyl.

The bodies of birds are covered with feathers.

All birds have two wings and a tail.

Remember, all animals move! Wings help birds fly and soar. They can flap their wings sufficiently to raise themselves about three meters off the ground. Hens cluck or cackle to communicate with chicks and rooster. Let’s cackle like a hen!

This bird is called hen. Let’s find its beak, feathers, wings, tail and feet. It’s feathers play an important role. Feathers provide insulation and buffer extremes of heat and cold.

Look at the body of hen. The face has comb and wattles. A hen has a comb on the head and two wattles under the neck. The male has a larger comb compared to the female.

The beak is small. It is a part of the body the bird eats and drinks water with. The bird uses it also to fight and protect itself. The beak functions as the teeth of the chicken, enabling the bird to break grass, bananas and other foods into pieces small enough to swallow.

Look at those claws! They are very sharp. In addition to walking, claws are used in fighting for protection and in finding food. Hens are small birds.

Remember that birds are living things. They need energy to live. Hens scratch at the soil to search for insects, lizards, eggs and even small rodents and ground birds. They are omnivorous. It means they eat both plant and animal-based food.

Mama-hen lays eggs. Usually it lays 1 egg at a time. Baby-hen is called a chick. The chick can take a while from the time they break the shell, until the time it hatches out. Chicks need to be kept in a warm place until they are fully feathered.

That’s why mamas and papas take a very good care of the little ones. They provide food and make sure their environment is safe.

It is interesting that cackling typically happens when hens are preparing to lay an egg. Otherwise hens are fairly quiet. The eyeball of a chicken is stationary; thus, a chicken must move its head to vary the range of vision.

Hens live in forests, grasslands, sand and rocky areas. They can be found in yards and farms.

Hens are raised mostly for their eggs and meat, but chickens also make good pets.

We need to take care of chicken and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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