Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy camel in advance, as well as a sample of hair

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a camel.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

(Point to the camel) Say: A camel is an even-toed ungulate within the genus Camelus, bearing distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back. There are 2 types of camel: Dromedary, which has one hump, and Bactrian, which has two humps. Both types can be domesticated. They are specially adapted to the life in desert. (approach the sample of hair to the baby and let him touch it) Say: Camels have a thick coat of hair that protects them from the sun. Their eyes have three eyelids and two rows of eyelashes that prevent sand to enter their eyes. Camel's ears are furry. Hairs keep the sand and dust away from their ears. Besides ears and eyes, their nostrils prevent the sand from entering by closing in between two breaths. Camel can move easily across the sand because of its specially designed feet. Camel's foot consists of two toes that spread when animal touches the ground and prevents sinking in the sand

Go back to the picture of the camel. Say: let’s find camel’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose, mouth, body, legs: 1,2,3,4; tail, and this is its hump. Camels' humps consist of stored fat, which they can metabolize when food and water is scarce.

Camels can make a lot of noise. They can moan, groan, bleat, bellow and roar. They also make a rumbling growl. (Let´s make all these noises that camel makes!) Many people still depend on these “ships of the desert” for transportation. They can carry over 200 pounds for 20 miles in the hot desert heat.

Camels are living things and need energy to survive.

Camels are herbivores; they eat only herb like food. In the desert, people feed camels with grass, grains, wheat and oats. When camels are travelling in the desert, food is often very hard to find. So the animal might have to live on dried leaves, seeds, and thorny twigs (without hurting their mouths). If there is not any regular food, camels will eat anything: leather, even their owner's tent. In Arab cultures the camel symbolizes patience, tolerance and endurance. Camel milk is an important food of the desert nomadic tribes. A camel can provide a large amount of meat for these people also. A mother camel gives birth in 12 – 14 months to one calf. Calves are born without humps, and most often pure white in color. They are however able to run within hours of birth. They call to their mothers with a lamb-like “baa” sound.( come on, baby, let´s Baa like a calf.) Mother and child camel pairings are extremely close, staying together for several years. Nearly all of the world's camels are domestic animals. They are found in northern Africa and southwestern Asia, and have been introduced to Australia. Humans have used camels for their wool, milk, meat, leather, and even dung that can be used for fuel. We need to take care of Macaws and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people

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