Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy monkey in advance, as well as a sample of hair

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a monkey.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

( Point to the monkey) Say: Monkeys are intelligent mammals that are classified in the same suborder and order as humans. There are 264 known species of Monkeys in the world. They can be very small animals or very large depending on the species. Monkeys have long hands for climbing, and extremely developed minds capable of highly specialized and advanced tasks. Monkeys have forward facing eyes and flat noses. They also have opposable thumbs that help them with climbing and movement. They have fingers that are structured very much like humans. Monkeys are known to use tools too such as sticks and rocks; they can even use leaves to scoop water up in and drink. ! Monkeys are one of the funniest animals in nature. They are full of curiosity and adventure, mischief and intelligence.

Go back to the picture of the monkey. Say: let’s find monkey’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose, mouth, body, legs: 1,2(long hands),1,2(legs); this is its tail. Most of the monkeys that spend their lives in trees have a prehensile tail that acts as an extra limb.

Monkeys are living things and need energy to survive. Monkeys eat leaves, fruit, seeds, nuts, grass, roots, eggs, insects, spiders, and small mammals. So, monkeys are carnivorous since they eat both fruits and meat. For most Monkeys fruit is the primary food that they will consume. There are hundreds of types of fruits found in the forests where they live. They often spread seeds from the fruits as they move along. This is part of why the monkey is so important to the habitat. The spreading of the seeds helps to insure future vegetation will be able to grow.

Once mating has occurred it is approximately 160 days until the young arrive. It is very seldom that the female have twins but that does happen occasionally in the wild. The young are born from the body of the mother. She immediately holds her young and bond with it. Parents are excellent at caring for the young. The females often work as a unit to care for the infants while the males pitch in and even be seen playing with the young. Monkeys habitat is identified across Asia, Africa and Central and South America.

Monkeys live in forests, grasslands, high plains, and mountain habitats. Many monkeys are arboreal (spending most of their lives in trees); others (like baboons and macaques) live mostly on the ground. We need to take care of Monkeys and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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