Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy eagle in advance and a sample of feathers

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of eagle.) This is a bird.

Remember, to be classified as a bird an animal should have a beak or bill, should have 4 toes on each foot, meaning to be zygodactyl.

The bodies of birds are covered with feathers.

All birds have two wings and a tail.

Remember, all animals move! Wings help birds fly and soar!

Eagles are large, heavy-beaked, big-footed birds of prey belonging to the family Accipitridae. An eagle has a fully feathered (often crested) head and strong feet equipped with great curved talons. The eagle's eyes are extremely powerful, which enables him to spot potential prey from a very long distance. Its feet have four strong toes; at the end of these toes are large, curved claws which enable the eagle to hook onto its prey. (Let´s soar in the air like an eagle, baby). Eagles are admired the world over as living symbols of power, freedom, and transcendence!

Go back to the picture of the eagle. Say: let’s find eagle’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose (two little holes on the beak to breath from), beak, body, legs: 1,2,; this is its feathery tail. Some eagles are built with short wings and long tails enabling them to hunt in the tight confines of a forest, while others have short tails and broad long wings allowing them to soar high above open plains and water.

Eagles are living things and need energy to survive.

Eagles are dominant predators and are known as birds of prey. Eagles are carnivores and they feed on smaller birds and bats in the sky and small mammals and fish on the ground. Their talons of are so strong that an eagle is able to carry its prey in its feet until it reaches a safe place to eat it. Eagles are monogamous. This means that once the birds find a mate, they will continue to only mate with each other for the rest of their lives. During breeding season, the male and female work together to build a nest of sticks, usually located at the top of tree or on a high cliff where they are at their safest. The mother eagle tends to lay two eggs and incubates them for 34 to 36 days. . When they hatch; the chicks are covered in light-gray down. Young eagles spend their first four years exploring and can fly hundreds of miles per day which hatch after about a month.

There are more than 60 different species of eagle in the world. Most of them are from Eurasia and Africa. Outside this area, just 14 species can be found – two in North America, one of these eagle species is one of the most common species of eagle, the bald eagle. Nine in Central and South America, and three in Australia. We need to take care of Eagles and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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