Zoology & Botany



Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy Cow in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of Cow.) It is called cow. This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

The bodies of cows are covered with short hair.

All cows have four legs, two horns and one tail. Remember, all animals move! Legs help cows move and run. It is interesting that cows can make several different sounds including mooing, bellowing, snorting and grunting, and they use these noises for different things. Let’s moo like a cow!

Point to the picture of a cow again. Say: how is this mammal called? Yes, cow! Let’s find its mouth, legs, horns and tail. Its hair plays an important role. Hair insulates body from cold temperatures shields the skin from sunlight and dirt.

Look at the body of the cow. It has generally black and brown colors mixed with white. The face has horns. Horns are used to defend the animal from predators and to fight members of their own species.

A cow’s muzzle is made for grazing; the top part of the mouth is a hard pad and the bottom part is a row of flat-topped teeth. The cow tears grass from fields and grinds it between the two mouthparts. Cows drink about a bathtub full of water and eat a lot of food a day.

Look at those legs! They have cloven hooves. It means hooves are divided into two equal parts.

Remember that cows are living things. They need energy to live. Cows eat a mixture of grass hay and grains. They are herbivorous. It means they eat plant-based food.

Mama-cow lays calves. Usually it has 1 calf. First few days are critical for immunity of the calf.  Calves need energy and nutrients that provide immunity for them.

That’s why mamas take a very good care of the little ones. They provide food and make sure their environment is safe.

Cows have almost panoramic vision. Cows have a keen sense of smell. They possess very large number of taste buds.

Cows thrive best in temperate climates and open grasslands. Cows are found all over the world on every continent except Antarctica. They are found on farms and ranches, in barns and out on pastures or ranges.

have large udders for milk production for calves.

We need to take care of cows and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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