Zoology & Botany

comparing frog, fox and pigeon

Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy frog, fox, purple pigeon in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a frog.) This is an amphibian.

Remember, to be classified as an amphibian, an animal should have a backbone, permeable skin (molecules and gases can pass through). They are vertebrates. Amphibians are cold-blooded and spend at least part of their lives in water and on land. They have gills for at least part of their lives. Most amphibians go through metamorphosis.

(Point to the frog) Say: The frog is an amphibian that lives on land and in water. Ask: ¨ Look at the frog, what color is it, baby? ¨ ¨ Yes, the frog is green!!¨ It is a small, green, cold-blooded creature. Frogs are characterized by long hind legs, a short body, webbed digits, no tail and protruding eyes. Most frogs have a semi-aquatic lifestyle but move freely on land by jumping or climbing. Frogs breathe through their nostrils while also absorbing about half the air they need through their skin. Remarkably, frogs use their eyes to help them swallow food. When the frog blinks, its eyeballs are pushed downwards creating a bulge in the roof of its mouth. This bulge squeezes the food inside the frog's mouth down the back of its throat. Frogs can be found almost anywhere except the Antarctica, however, most species are found in tropical regions.

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a fox) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

(Point to the fox) Say: The beautiful red fox, with its bushy tail and dog-like face is an efficient nocturnal creature with a reddish-brown coat above, and white under parts except for a black tipped nose and lower legs. Foxes have great eyesight, amazing hearing, and use different types of calls to communicate with each other. Most foxes are about the size of a large house cat.

Foxes are omnivores. This means that they eat meat and vegetation. Foxes prefer rodents and rabbits, but they also eat birds, amphibians and fruit. These animals also steal food from garbage cans or farms. Their ability to find food, even during the winter, is one reason why foxes have a reputation for being cunning and smart. They are found on every continent except Antarctica.

Say: Look at this animal.(Show a picture of a purple pigeon) This is a bird.

Remember, to be classified as a bird an animal should have a beak or bill, should have 4 toes on each foot, meaning to be zygodactyl. The bodies of birds are covered with feathers. All birds have two wings and a tail. Remember, all animals move! Wings help birds fly and soar!

(Point to the purple pigeon) Say: Pigeons constitute the bird family Columbidae that includes about 310 species. Pigeons are stout-bodied birds with short necks, and short, slender bills with fleshy ceres. They feed on seeds, fruits, and plants. Pigeons tend to have short bills and legs, and small heads on large, compact bodies. Their wings are large and have low wing loadings; pigeons have strong wing muscles and are among the strongest fliers of all birds. They are also highly manoeuvrable in flight. The purple-tailed imperial pigeon is a species of bird in the Columbidae family. It is found in West Papua, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

We need to take care of Frogs, Foxes, Pigeons and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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