Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy chimpanzee in advance, as well as a sample of

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a chimpanzee.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out. Noisy and curious, intelligent and social, the chimpanzee is the mammal most like a human. Chimpanzees have long black hairs covering their bodies with the exception of their face, palms and the soles of their feet. Their hair not only allows them to remain warm in areas at higher altitudes but it also provides their skin with some protection from the sun. The hairless parts of their bodies are light to dark brown in color depending on the age of the individual (their skin darkens as they mature). They have large ears that give them excellent hearing and a heavy brow-ridge over their eyes. Chimpanzees have good sight and are able to see in color. They have long fingers and an opposable big toe that helps them to grip onto things, with their arms also being longer than their legs which enables them to move around on all fours which is known as knuckle-walking. (Come on, baby..Let´s walk like Chimpanzees)

Go back to the picture of the chimpanzee. Say: let’s find chimpanzee’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose, mouth, body, legs: 1,2,3,4; Oops!!Chimpanzee has no tail! Although they normally walk on all fours (knuckle-walking), chimpanzees can stand and walk upright. They communicate much like humans do.. by kissing, embracing, patting on the back, touching hands, and tickling!

Chimpanzees are living things and need energy to survive. Chimpanzees are omnivorous animals that eat hundreds of different types of food including vegetables and other animals. The bulk of their diet is comprised of seasonal fruits, seeds and flowers that are picked from the trees, along with insects such as ants and termites that are extracted from their nests using a stick. Do you know, baby?? Chimpanzees are one of the few animal species that employ tools. They shape and use sticks to retrieve insects from their nests or dig grubs out of logs. They also use stones to smash open tasty nuts and employ leaves as sponges to soak up drinking water. Female Chimpanzees can give birth at any time of year to a single infant that is born after a gestation period that lasts for around eight months. . The baby clings tightly to her breast and, like a human baby, develops rather slowly. An infant can sit up at 5 months and stand with support at 6 months. It is still suckled and sleeps with its mother until about 3 years of age. Young Chimpanzees learn the skills they need to survive by watching their mother including what to eat, how to make tools and nest building, along with playing with other young individuals to practice both their grooming and wrestling skills. Finally becoming independent and separating from her at about 4 years. Chimpanzees are found throughout 21 different countries in western and central Africa where they are known to inhabit a variety of different regions from the tropical, humid rainforests to the dryer and more arid regions of the savanna and open woodlands. They are excellent climbers and rely heavily on the surrounding trees not just for protection from predators but also to find food and places to nest during the night. We need to take care of Chimpanzees and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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