Zoology & Botany

parts of a fruit: plum

Prepare a picture of/book about/a poster of a plum in advance, as well as a picture or a real half plum with its seed.

Say: Look at this picture. (Show a picture of a plum or a real plum.) This is a fruit and fruits are parts of plants. Remember, to be classified as a plant, a living  thing should have multiple cells, grow in soil, have  leaves and roots, produce seeds, and produce its own food through photosynthesis.

Say: Plum is a deciduous tree grown for its edible fruits.(Point to the plum) Say: The fruit has smooth skin that can be yellow, green, red or purple in color. It has a juicy flesh and varies in color from yellow to red. Varieties with red flesh contain more sugar and have sweeter taste compared to varieties with yellow flesh. Plums belong to the Prunus genus of plants and are relatives of the peach, nectarine and almond. They are all considered "drupes," fruits that have a hard stone pit surrounding their seeds.

 The plum is a versatile fruit. It can be used raw as a snack or diced in fruit salads. We can also use it in the form of juices, jellies, marmalades and cakes.

The plum as a whole is not a single solid fruit; it is divided into certain parts among itself.

They are: Pericarp: the fruit wall which is composed of the exocarp, mesocarp and endocarp.

Epicarp: is a botanical term for the tough outer layer of the plum.

Mesocarp: The mesocarp is the fleshy middle layer of the plum; it is found between the epicarp and the endocarp. It is usually the part of the fruit that is eaten. The mesocarp makes up most of the edible part of a plum.

Endocarp is the inside layer of the plum, which directly surrounds the seeds. Endocarp may be membranous as in citrus where it is the only part consumed, or thick and hard as in the stone fruits of the family Rosaceae such as plums, peaches, cherries, and apricots. Plums are mostly cultivated in temperate and warm areas around the world. They are an absolute feast to our sight, not just because of their color and flavor but for their nutrition-profile that help human body free from diseases and keep it healthy! As a conclusion, we have to eat fruits because fruits are nature’s wonderful gift to the mankind; they are life-enhancing medicines packed with vitamins, minerals, anti-oxidants and many phyto-nutrients. 

We need to take care of Plums and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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