Zoology & Botany

mouse

Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy mouse in advance, as well as a sample of short fur

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of a mouse.) This is a mammal. Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out. (Point to the mouse) Say: A mouse is a small rodent with a pointed nose, furry round body,(approach the sample of fur to the baby and let him touch it) large ears and a long, often hairless, tail. Whiskers help mice to sense smooth and rough edges, temperature change and breezes.(Let´s pretend that we have whiskers like mice, baby) Mice come in a wide variety of colors and sizes. Some common mice colors are white, brown and grey. Some are very tiny and others are around the size of a baked potato. 

Mice build very complex burrows with long entrances and many escape routes. They are very clean and tidy rodents with their burrows often having separate areas for storing food, sleeping and going to the toilet. A mouse eats 15 - 20 times a day. Therefore they usually build their homes close to food sources, tending to only travel up to 8 m from their burrows to find food. Go back to the picture of the mouse. Say: let’s find mouse’s body parts. This is its head, eyes, nose, mouth, body, legs: 1,2,3,4; this is its tail. Do you know, baby that mice tails can grow as long as their bodies? Mice have five toes on their two back feet and four toes on their two front feet which gives mice more stability when standing on their back feet. Mice use their two front feet to grip onto food such as seeds and berries, so that the mice can eat their food with ease. A baby mouse is called a ¨pup or pinky¨, a male is called a ¨buck¨ and a female is called a ¨doe¨. At around 4 to seven weeks old, a female mouse will mate and have young. The gestation period is less than a month, and the female mouse has an average litter size of about six baby mice. The baby mice or ¨pups¨ are born with no hair and with their eyes and ears closed. Mouse babies are weaned when they are around three week old. Mice are living things and need energy to survive. Actually, the house mice are omnivorous, which means they eat both plants and meat, and the common house mice will eat just about anything it can find. In the wild, mice are herbivores that eat all kinds of fruit and grains from plants. Mice are hardy creatures that are found in nearly every country and type of terrain. They can live in forests, grasslands and manmade structures easily. Mice typically make a burrow underground if they live out in the wild. Their burrow helps protect them from predators. We need to take care of Mice and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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