Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy parrot in advance and a sample of parrot´s feathers

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of parrot.) This is a bird.

Remember, to be classified as a bird an animal should have a beak or bill, should have 4 toes on each foot, meaning to be zygodactyl.

The bodies of birds are covered with feathers.

All birds have two wings and a tail.

Remember, all animals move! Wings help birds fly and soar!

(Point to the parrot) Say: Parrots are known to have sharp, curved beaks which help them to crack nuts open more easily and to access fruits on the trees.(Curve your finger and put it on your mouth in order to demonstrate the expression ¨curve beak¨) Parrots also have strong legs, but are most well known for the fact that there are four toes on each of the parrot's two feet, two of these toes face forwards and the other two toes face forwards and the other two toes face backwards. These remarkable feet help the parrot not only to perch on tree branches more easily but also aid the parrot in climbing tree trunks or clambering through the dense jungle! Now (hold up the feathers) Say: The most attracting feature of them is their color. Parrots come in different bright colors and shades! Sometimes they have multi colored feathers.

Because of their beauty and intelligence, parrots are one of the most popular pets in the world. These birds have been popular companions throughout history since they are intelligent, charismatic, colorful, and musical. Some birds can imitate many non avian sounds, including human speech. African grey parrot, named Alex, managed to learn to count to 6, answer the questions, recognize 7 colors and identify 35 different objects. Remember that birds are living things. They need energy to live. Parrots are omnivores, which means that they can eat both meat and vegetation. Most parrots eat a diet that contains nuts, flowers, fruit, buds, seeds and insects. Seeds are their favorite food. They have strong jaws that allow them to snap open nutshells to get to the seed that's inside. Keas use their longer beaks to dig insects out of the ground for a meal. Remember, parrots are the only birds that are able to pick food with their feet and bring it t o the mouth. Parrots are found in warm climates all over most of the world. The greatest diversities exist in Australasia, Central America, and South America. In the wild, the warm temperatures of spring and summer trigger a physiological response in parrots that prepare them for mating. Both individuals in a pair contribute to nesting, and sometimes pairs in a flock help each other nest and care for fledglings. Nests are usually built in the hollows of trees and cliffs, and occasionally on the ground. Females usually lay between two and eight eggs at a time. The incubation period lasts between 18 and 30 days, during this period The females spend most of her time sitting on the eggs, while the male partner brings back food. Fledglings are blind for the first two weeks of their lives and do not develop adult feathers until they are about 1 month old. It takes anywhere from one to four years for a parrot to mature fully. . We need to take care of Parrots and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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