Zoology & Botany

bee

Prepare two pictures of insects and a bee /book about/a toy bee in advance, as well as a sample of honey.

Say: Look at these creatures.(Show a picture of insects) these are insects.

Remember to be classified as an insect, an organism should have:

A hard shell-like covering its body. Three main body parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. A pair of antennas. Three pairs of legs.( They use the legs for walking, but sometimes an insect may have a pair of legs that are specially designed for jumping) and two

pairs of wings. Insects are part of a bigger animal group called arthropods. All insects grow from eggs. They go through various stages called metamorphosis. (show the picture of the bee) Say: The honey bee is one member of the insect class Insecta. These insects are members of the subfamily Apinae, which produce and store liquefied sugar, known as honey. The honey bee is probably one of the best known of all insects in the world. There are three ¨castes¨ within a bee hive, a ¨queen¨, the ¨drones¨ and ¨workers. All three castes are broadly similar in appearance; the body is covered in short hairs, and is divided into a head, a thorax and an abdomen, the head features two large eyes and a pair of antennae. The thorax carries two pairs of wings above and three pairs of legs below and there is a slender ¨waist¨ between the thorax and abdomen. The queen has a much longer and slender abdomen than the workers, and the drones can be identified by their broader abdomens and much larger eyes. Honey bees are super-important pollinators for flowers, fruits and vegetables. This means that they help other plants grow! Bees transfer pollen between the male and female parts, allowing plants to grow seeds and fruit. Bees fly from flower to flower, (Spread your arms, baby, and let´s fly from flower to flower like a bee) sipping nectar and collecting grains of pollen. They have a special tongue that sucks up the nectar and a crop in their throat for storing it until they get back to the hive, where it is turned into honey to use as food. Honeybees and bumblebees live in colonies or hives. All the bees in the colony work together for the good of the hive. Each has a job to do: the queen lays the eggs and the workers build the honeycomb, care for the larvae and collect the food. Drones, or male bees, are the minority in a colony and serve only one purpose: to mate with honey bee queens. Soon after mating, drones die. Remember, There is usually only a single queen in a hive.

Honeybees communicate with each other through ¨dance language¨, which consists of movements made by the honey bee's tail. Honey bees primarily use this form of communication to warm other honey bees of oncoming danger.

Bees are living things and need energy to survive. The honey bee is a herbivorous animal and therefore lives purely on the nutrients from plants. Honey bees prefer to ingest the sweeter plant produce such as nectar, pollen, fruits and even honey. Bees can survive almost everywhere, except in polar regions (Arctic and Antarctic) or at high altitudes. We need to take care of Macaws and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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