Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy Rooster in advance, as well as a sample of feathers-

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of Rooster.) This is a bird. Remember, to be classified as a bird an animal should have a beak or bill, should have 4 toes on each foot, meaning to be zygodactyl.

The bodies of birds are covered with feathers. All birds have two wings and a tail.

Remember, all animals move! Wings help birds fly and soar. (Point to the rooster) Say: This bird is called Rooster. It’s the adult male chicken, and the adult female is called a ¨hen¨. ( Hold up the feathers) Say: Roosters have striking plumage of long flowing tails and shiny, pointed feathers on their necks (hackles) and backs (saddle), which are typically bright and bold in colors. Roosters have a fleshy crest on their heads called a comb, or cockscomb, and hanging flaps of skin either side under their beaks called wattles. Collectively, these and other fleshy protuberances on the head and throat are called caruncles. Both the adult male and female have wattles and combs, but in most breeds these are more prominent in males. The bird´s beak is small and curvy. The rooster uses it to drink and peck at grains and worms! Roosters walk with a lofty proud known as strut (let’s strut like a rooster, baby!)

Go back to the picture of the rooster. Say: Let’s find the rooster´s beak, feathers, wings, tail and claws. Its feathers play an important role. Roosters show off their colorful feathers to attract the females. Look at those claws! They are very sharp. Rooster scratches and digs the ground with them to look for food.

Although roosters are flightless birds, they do have a tendency to attempt flight. Roosters do this by running and flapping their wings.(Run and flap your wings ,baby ,and let´s try to fly) Unfortunately, they are not capable of staying air borne. Roosters sometimes can fly for very short distances such as over fences.

Remember that roosters are living things. They need energy to live. Roosters eat worms, fruit, grain, seeds, insects, snails, acorns, slugs and many other foods. They are omnivorous. It means they eat both plant and animal-based food. Roosters are best known for their “cock-a-doodle-doo” sound. (Let´s imitate the rooster´s sound! Together baby “cock-a-doodle-doo”.)

The rooster is polygamous, but cannot guard several nests of eggs at once. He guards the general area where his hens are nesting, and attacks other roosters that enter his territory. As we know, a hen lays one egg every 24 hours most of the year, regardless of whether she has been exposed to a rooster. But the eggs will not be fertile if the hen has not physically mated with a rooster. The hen incubate the fertilized eggs for 21 days to keep them warm until they hatch, After hatching, the hen fiercely guards the chicks, and will brood them when necessary to keep them warm, at first often returning to the nest at night. She leads them to food and water; she calls them to edible items, but seldom feeds them directly. She continues to care for them until they are several weeks old. It is a rooster’s job to make sure his hen and chicks are safe from other roosters and are able to eat.

Roosters live in a mild and warm climate. Since most are domesticated, you can find them on every continent but Antarctica. Vast majority of roosters are raised in factory farms for meat and eggs.

We need to take care of Roosters and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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