Zoology & Botany

Hamster

Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy Hamster in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of Hamster.) This is a mammal.

Remember, to be classified as a mammal, an animal should have hair or fur, mammary glands (mammal mothers nurse their young with milk), lungs and need air to breathe. Mammals that live on land are warm blooded, have 4 legs and ears that stick out.

This mammal is called hamster. The body of a hamster is covered with fur.

All hamsters have thick silky fur, short tails, small ears, short legs, wide feet and large eyes.

Remember, all animals move! Fore and hind legs help hamsters move and dig. Let’s dig like a hamster!

Look at hamster! Let’s find its mouth, fur, legs, tail and whiskers. Hamsters have large cheeks in which they carry food back to their burrows. Full pouches can make their heads double or triple in size.

It’s fur play an important role. They insulate the body from water and cold temperatures.

Look at the body of hamster. Depending on the species hamsters can be black, grey, honey, white, brown, yellow, red, or a combination of these colors. The face has whiskers. Hamsters are nocturnal. They stay awake at night. They use whiskers to determine sizes, shapes and other information to steer clear of obstacles and better navigate in its habitat.

Rodents have teeth that are specialized for gnawing; they have a single pair of upper and lower incisors (front teeth) that grow throughout their lives. It is a part of the body the hamster eats with. Hamsters use their teeth to create burrows in the soil.

Look at those legs! They use their fore and hind legs for digging.

Remember that hamsters are living things. They need energy to live. They feed primarily on seeds, fruit, and vegetation, and will occasionally eat burrowing insects. They are omnivorous. It means they eat both plant and animal-based food.

Mama-hamster lays pups. Usually they have 4-6 pups. Pups are born blind and hairless and the mother usually covers her babies. They develop teeth, open eyes and begin to grow hair after 2 weeks. That’s why mamas and papas take a very good care of the little ones. They provide food and make sure their environment is safe.

Hamsters are particularly sensitive to high-pitched noises and can hear and communicate in the ultrasonic range.

Hamsters also use their sense of smell to distinguish between the sexes, and to locate food.

Hamsters originated in East Asia around Syria.

Hamsters are great as pets because they are easy to breed in captivity, easy to care for and interact well with people. They are also used as laboratory animals.

We need to take care of Hamsters and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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