Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about /a toy strawberry in advance, as well as a sample of strawberry fruit.

Say: Look at this fruit. (Show a picture of a strawberry.) This is a strawberry.

Remember, to be classified as a plant, a living  thing should have multiple cells, grow in soil, have leaves and roots, produce seeds, and produce its own food through photosynthesis. Fruits are the edible parts of plants that contain the seeds and pulpy surrounding tissue; have a sweet or tart taste. The strawberry, a member of the rose family, is the only fruit with seeds on the outside. And on average, there are 200 seeds on each berry. The strawberry is not classified by botanists as a true berry. True berries, such as blueberries and cranberries have seeds inside. The strawberry, however has its dry, yellow "seeds" on the outside (each of which is actually considered a separate fruit). Strawberry is an herbaceous perennial in the family Rosaceae. The plant has a short stem and trifoliate leaves which form a crown. Close to the ground, the leaves display a variety of characteristic depending on the species, some are evergreen whereas some have leaves that will die and fall off in winter. The plant produces flower stalks from the crown and the flowers are white in color. The fruit of the plant is red and fleshy with small seeds on the outside. Strawberry has an economic life of 2–4 years before the plants are replaced. Strawberries are the first fruit to ripen in the spring. It is cultivated worldwide for its fruit. The fruit is widely appreciated for its characteristic aroma, bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness. It is consumed in large quantities, either fresh or in such prepared foods as preserves, fruit juice, pies, ice creams, milkshakes, and chocolates. Strawberry plants can reproduce through sexual reproduction with fruit and seed, as well as through asexual reproduction by sending out runners to create new plants. Runners, also called stolons, are sent out from the crown of a strawberry plant along the ground. Nodes begin to appear on each stolon at set intervals. Each of these nodes is capable of becoming a daughter plant the following season.

Like all plants, strawberries are self-sufficient. They make their own food through the process of photosynthesis using light energy to make sugars from carbon dioxide and water. During the process of photosynthesis, plants release oxygen (into the air) that we and all animals need to survive. We need to take care of Strawberries and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people and have an important role in maintaining a healthy ecosystem.

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