Zoology & Botany


Prepare a picture of/book about/a toy Macaw in advance

Say: Look at this animal. (Show a picture of Macaw.) This is a bird. Remember, to be classified as a bird an animal should have a beak or bill, should have 4 toes on each foot, meaning to be zygodactyl. The bodies of birds are covered with feathers. All birds have two wings and a tail. Remember, all animals move! Wings help birds fly and soar. Let’s flip hands like a bird! Let’s soar!

This bird is called macaw. Let’s find its beak, feathers, wings, tail and feet. Its feathers play an important role. They insulate the body from water and cold temperatures. Some birds lay their nests with feathers to make them feel soft and cozy for the future baby chicks. The color patterns of feathers serve as camouflage. Macaw has bright colors, and such are the colors of succulent juicy fruits and smelly flowers of the trees in rain forests. Predators may confuse the birds for fruits and not touch them.

Look at the body of macaw. It is very bright and colorful. Colors vary from yellow, to blue, red and green. The face is white and featherless. The beak is very big and powerful; it is curvy. It is a part of the body the bird eats and drinks water with. The bird uses it to break nuts and rainforest fruits too and even to scratch its body! Look at those claws! They are very sharp. Macaw plucks fruits with them and also holds onto branches of trees while perching high in the forest canopy. Macaws are large birds. Remember that birds are living things. They need energy to live. Macaws eat very tasty food like fruit, nuts, flowers and flower nectar. They also sometimes eat snails and insects. They are omnivorous. It means they eat both plant and animal-based food. Macaws nest in tree holes. Mama-bird lays eggs. Usually they have 1-2 baby-chicks. Chicks are born with a thin layer of thin, wispy feathers called down. Baby chicks are born blind and cannot see anything for first two weeks of life. That’s why mamas and papas take a very good care of the little ones. They provide food and make sure their environment is safe. It is interesting that macaw parrots can mimic human speech. They can talk just like we do! They have very good hearing and can copy sounds pretty well. They can even imitate human laughter. Macaws live in a warm area, in wild tropical forests of Central and South America. (Show on the map Central and South America). Macaws are popular pets, too. It means many people have them live in their houses in big cages. We need to take care of Macaws and treat them with respect because they are living things just like us, people.

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